Fruit Quality Control through Integrated Pest and Disease Management
Currently in Uzbekistan agriculture sector, fruit and vegetable production/processing is undergoing transformation through actively adopting modern technologies, varieties and farm management practices. One of the main purposes of this transformation is promote Uzbek agri products in the international markets. In this regard, one of the curial obstacles or areas that need improvement in the sector is the control of pest and diseases as the quality of the fresh fruit and vegetables mainly rely on effective IPM management system.
Due to inefficient methods of pest and disease management/practices bout 30% of the agri products (fruits) in Uzbekistan are lost or about 40% lose their marketability.
Farmers’ knowledge of plant production is very limited. Life cycles of major pests and diseases are more or less unknown as are symptoms caused by them. In particular, farmers were concerned about the damage by coddling moth, aphids, june beetle, mites, scab, powdery mildew and other bacterial diseases, like bacterial canker, root rot, fireblight. Further more, farmers are still struggling with calibration of different sprayers, spray volume and application techniques as different farmers have different approaches in pest and disease control. In addition, farmers lack information in pesticide and fungicide mode of action and other characteristics.
Therefore, EU funded Project “Sustainable Development in Rural Areas of Uzbekistan” lead by GIZ ‘Integrated Pest Management (IPM) trainings in Kashakadarya, Jizzak/Syrdarya, Fergana and Namangan regions. The training was led by professional IPM specialist Mr.Patrcik Brady from United States who has over 20 years IPM experience in Central Asian ecosystem. The purpose of the trainings were to introduce farmers up to dated environmentally friendly IPM practices so that they can control major pests and diseases more efficiently. Sprayer calibration and information on pesticide mode of action, lifecycle diagrams, as well as customized pest and disease management calendars were very interesting for the farmers. We believe that this information will help the farmers increase the quality of their fruit and the profits. Overall farmer participation was also very impressive, in total 320 farmers were trained between the periods of May 16-24. Training materials are available upon request, please contact through our facebook account.